HIC-MENA [ Habitat International Coalition ]

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Continued Displacement, Destruction of Homes

What is affected
Housing Private
Type of violation Demolition/destruction
Date 13 March 2003
Region MENA
Country Iraq
City Throughout the country

Affected persons (number & composition)

Total 456900
Men 0
Women 0
Children 0
Your solution
Download any important details UNHCR returnee_report.pdf

Download any important development

Housing losses
- Number of homes 256140
- Total value

Duty holder(s) /responsible party(ies)

Private party
Brief narrative While Iraq is not a signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention or its 1967 Protocol it has hosted UNHCR’s assistance, Palestinian, Iranian, Turkish and Syrian refugees. After the fall of the previous regime, UNHCR’s program included assisting returning refugees and IDPs. After the Samara Shrine bombing in February 2006, the UNHCR’s responsibility was expanded to assisting internally displaced persons. UNHCR facilitates the return of people who have decided to repatriate on an individual basis. UNHCR has recorded 426,090 Iraqi refugee and IDP returnees during 2008 and 2009. Of this total, 15% are refugees, the rest are IDPs and 90% returned to Baghdad and Diyala. UNHCR has registered some 230,000 Iraqi refugees in Syria, Jordan and countries neighboring Iraq. An estimated 1.5 million IDPs are in Iraq, including about 500,000 homeless individuals displaced in settlements or camp-like situations in extremely poor conditions and who are priority for protection, emergency assistance and advocacy interventions. Prime Minister’s Order 101, issued in August 2008, facilitates the return of refugees and IDPs in Baghdad through the restitution of illegally occupied properties. The Council of Ministers’ Order 262 provides registered returnee families with a grant of one million ID (US$ 840). In 2009 Order 101 was extended to Diyala (Order No. 54) calling for close coordination/collaboration with international agencies. UNHCR is coordinating the UN transitional efforts for the “Diyala (return) Initiative” together with the GoI. UNHCR has well-established Protection and Assistance Centers (PACs) coupled in mid-2009 with the launching of the Return, Integration and Community Centers (RICCs) network. Both increase the outreach to the communities through provision of legal services, protection monitoring (PACs), operations coordination, needs assessment, social and information assistance (RICCs). Shelter along with livelihoods, continues to be one of the key concerns of returnees; 60% of assessed IDPs reported that their houses are either damaged/destroyed or occupied by others which can impact their decision to return. Iraq is in transition; entering a recovery phase where civil society will play an integral part to sustainable returnee communities. UNHCR launched its NGO Empowerment Scheme in mid-2009 to enhance the performance and administrative capacity of selected national NGOs and enabling UNHCR to deliver urgent assistance at a targeted and grassroots level. http://reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900sid/MYAI-89R9K3/$File/full_report.pdf
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